The Relationship of Dyslipidemia with Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroid

Hari Hendarto, Laurentius Aswin Premono, Femmy Nurul Akbar, Dante Saksono Harbuwono, Imam Subekti, Siti Setiati

Abstract


Background: Studies have shown type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) accompanied by subclinical hypothyroid (SCH) leads to a higher retinopathy incidence, compared to T2DM without SCH. Furthermore, SCH patients are known to have a high risk of dyslipidemia. This study therefore aims to determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and retinopathy, in T2DM patients with SCH.

Materials and Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design, and the study population consisted of adult patients diagnosed with T2DM over a year ago and visiting the Metabolic Endocrine Division’s outpatient ward at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. The data collected include glycemic control, FT4, lipid profile TSHs, as well as retinopathy data.

Results: According to the results, patients with T2DM and SCH accompanied by dyslipidemia, had a 2.76 times higher retinopathy risk, compared to patients without dyslipidemia (p value = 0.014). Conclusion: A significant relationship was concluded to exist between dyslipidemia and retinopathy in T2DM patients with SCH.

International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 05 No. 04 October’21 Page: 478-483


Keywords


Subclinical hypothyroid, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and retinopathy.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31344/ijhhs.v5i4.360

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Copyright (c) 2021 Hari Hendarto, Laurentius Aswin Premono, Femmy Nurul Akbar, Dante Saksono Harbuwono, Imam Subekti, Siti Setiati

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