The Effectiveness of Education with Picture Media to Increase Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes about Maintaining the Cleanliness of the External Genitalia at Al-Azhar26 Junior High School Yogyakarta

- Kusbaryanto, - Chapsoh


Background: Cleanliness of women’s genitals is related to the menstrual cycle. The education of menstruation with picture media increases women’s awareness to maintain the cleanliness of the external genital because picture media shows effects of risk behavior if do not maintain the cleanliness. Women with a better understanding of menstruation often have a safe and clean way to manage their menstrual bleeding. Poor knowledge, attitudes and actions towards external genitalia hygiene in adolescent girls have clinical implications, namely the occurrence of infections in the reproductive system and urinary tract infections. In developing countries, this problem needs more serious attention.

Objective: This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of education with picture media to increase students’ knowledge and attitudes about maintaining the cleanliness of the external genitalia at Al-Azhar 26 Junior High School Yogyakarta.

Methods: This research is a quantitative study with a quasi-experimental design and uses analytic research with a One Group Pretest- Postest Design. In this study there was no control group, data collection using a questionnaire. The population was made up of Grade VIII students of junior high schools who were actively studying at MTs Al- Azhar 26 Yogyakarta. Respondents came from junior high school students because junior high school students represented teenagers and their intellectual abilities were not much different. The research sample was taken by using a total sampling technique of 60 samples. The treatment procedure was after completing the pre-test, students were given education about external genital hygiene with picture media. After receiving education, students were asked to fill out a post test, after the data was collected, data analysis was carried out using the Wilcoxon test. Ethical permission for this research from FKIK UMY with number 106/EC-KEPK FKIK UMY/IV/2021.

Results: Respondents are 60, aged 12 and 13 years. The mean value of knowledge before intervention is 7,02, the mean value of knowledge after intervention is 13,68. The mean value of the attitude before the intervention was 15.35, the mean value of the attitude after the intervention was 33.23. The results of the test on the level of knowledge of the respondents using the Wilcoxon test obtained a value of p = 0.001 (p <0.05), this is a significant result in increasing the level of knowledge of respondents about external genitalia hygiene. The results of the test on respondents’ attitudes using the Wilcoxon test obtained p value = 0.001 (p < 0.05), this is a significant result in increasing respondents’ attitudes about the external genitalia.

Conclusion: counseling about genital hygiene is effective in increasing knowledge and attitudes about female genitalia in Yogyakarta. Efforts to improve external genital hygiene in adolescents need to be continuously improved with education that is carried out continuously and carried out using various methods.

International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 08 No. 02 Apr’24 Page: 157-164


Education, hygiene of the external genitalia organ, knowledge, attitude

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 - Kusbaryanto, - Chapsoh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.