Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in Irakkamam and Addalaichenai DS Divisions of Sri Lanka: An Investigation on Its Association with the Lifestyle Patterns of the Patients

AMM Asmath, MMM Najim, Muneeb M Musthafa, LF Zisath Shama, I Farhath Ahamed, UL Abdul Majeed

Abstract


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has currently become one of the most burning health issues of national concern in Sri Lanka.

Objective: To assess the lifestyle factors associated with CKD among people of Sri Lanka.

Methods: A pretested structured questionnaire was administered to collect the data from kidney patients. Lifestyle patterns and other possible contributing factors were investigated between the CKD patients reported in Irakkamam and Addalaichenai Divisional Secretariats Divisions (DSDs) to find out the significant association between both the DSDs. SPSS software was used to perform all the statistical analyses.

Results: Variables including etiology for CKD, being a farmer, and exposure to direct sunlight showed significant differences (p<0.05) between both the DSDs. Compared to Addalaichenai DSD, the well-known causes of CKD including diabetes and hypertension were not seemed to be a significant factor contributing to CKD in Irakkamam DSD. In contrast, obstruction and inflammation contributed greatly to the majority of cases in Irakkamam DSD. Moreover, CKDu cases were significantly higher in Irakkamam DSD compared to Addalaichenai DSD.

Conclusion: Proper awareness programs among this region’s people have a chance to reduce the emerging issue of CKDu in these areas

International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 08 No. 01 Jan’24 Page: 56-64


Keywords


Chronic kidney disease (CKD), Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu), Sri Lanka

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31344/ijhhs.v8i1.621

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