Level of Self Esteem among Medical Students in International Islamic University Malaysia Kuantan (IIUM) and its Association with Religiosity

Amirah Amiruddin, Nurul Fitri Mustapa, Azwanis Abdul Hadi, Muhammad ‘Adil Zainal Abidin

Abstract


Introduction: Self-esteem is an essential aspect of wellbeing particularly for medical students who are susceptible to mental disorders. In Islam, self-esteem is built based on both revelation by Allah and human’s effort. With the increasing study in terms of religiosity and self-esteem, the role of religiosity as possible protective factor for Muslim medical students in their life, is a steppingstone towards becoming competent Muslim professionals.

Objectives: This study aims to measure the level of self-esteem among medical students and its association with religiosity.

Methods: This online cross-sectional study was conducted among 178 International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Kuantan medical students using validated 10-items IIUM Religiosity Scale (IIUMReIS), and 10-items Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). Descriptive statistics was used to measure the level of self-esteem while chi-square, Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman’s correlation, univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to explore the association between self-esteem with the predictors.

Results: More than half of the students (58.5%) have a high level of self-esteem. They scored an average of 35 (IQR = 6) in terms of religiosity. Those with higher religiosity were predicted to have significantly high self-esteem (r = 0.345). Other significant factor includes, frequency of voluntary prayer where daily practice has 0.3 lower odds of having low self-esteem. (95% CI = 0.11, 0.85, p = <0.05)

Conclusion: Majority of the students have a high level of self-esteem. Implications of the role of religiosity and the impact of voluntary prayer were suggested. Early and consistent strengthening of self-esteem via motivational, spiritual and religious programs may be advisable.

International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S27


Keywords


medical students, self-esteem, mental health, religiosity, prayer

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31344/ijhhs.v5i0.318

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Copyright (c) 2021 Amirah Amiruddin, Nurul Fitri Mustapa, Azwanis Abdul Hadi, Muhammad ‘Adil Zainal Abidin

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